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Friday, June 22, 2012

The Wakeboard Studio Shoot

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One of photographer Patrick Hall's favorite things about living in Charleston, South Carolina is being close to the ocean. He loves being in and around the water, and although he confesses he's not very good at it, he also enjoys wakeboarding. Charleston has become a pretty big hub for sports like kiteboarding and wakeboarding over the last few years, and this city is not short on talented athletes.

Patrick took an interest in wakeboard photography a couple years ago and has always enjoyed shooting images from extreme angles. "Although I’ve gotten some cool images, I never felt like I really had much control over my images with just daylight," he says. "I’ve tried to bring strobes outside to create something 'different', but even those shots have been done a million times. I decided I wanted a way to shoot a rider flying through the air with interesting, studio quality lighting."

In order to do that, Patrick had to bring the wakeboarders and the ocean....into his studio.

(Click on any thumbnail image below for an enlarged view.)

Topics Covered:

  •     The Video Lesson
  •     Background Story
  •     Challenges on Water
  •     Bringing the Outdoors, Indoors
  •     Final Results


  •     GoPro HD
  •     Nikon D300
  •     Canon 7D
  •     Tokina 11-16mm f/2.8 Wide Angle Lens
  •     Nikkor 70-200 2.8 Telephoto Lens
  •     iPad

The Video Lesson


The Background Story

As a photographer, shooting wakeboarders from an inner tube is an amazing experience. But we have all seen the images that are a result of a shoot like this. [figure 1]

Figure 1

I wanted to take things to the next level and really push my portfolio and decided to put together a shoot that has never been done before.

My whole thing is that I love commercial looking images. I like seeing pictures that really sell something. So for me to bring that to an extreme sport really allows me to showcase the athleticism of these amazing people together with the commercial side of photography and elevate those images up to another level that isn't just sports, but also a product.

Challenges on the Water

Most wakeboarding images today are shot either from the stern of a chase boat or from an inner tube. Every once in a while you see images taken from land, or possibly even from a stationary spot floating in the water. If you shoot from land or a chase boat you will probably want to shoot telephoto and compress the image, which helps separate the rider by blurring the background. When shooting from an inner tube, you are going to have to shoot wide angle. This allows you to really capture the scenery and help put the rider directly in the viewer's face.

Photographing wakeboarders from a moving inner tube is not exactly easy. There's a lot of challenges that you will face that are not present when shooting telephoto from a boat or from the shore. Here are some tips that I can share that might make it easier for any photographer looking to take similar images.

The first issue you want to tackle is overall exposure. I shoot in JPEG format 80% of the time, but because you can’t easily change your settings on the fly, I would recommend switching over to RAW. This will give you the most flexibility in your editing if something is a little off. I would also recommend setting your camera to shutter priority mode because the most important variable in your exposure is going to be your shutter speed. A shutter speed of around 1/1600th – 1/3200th of a second should be a good starting point.

Now some might disagree with me here, but I would then advise setting your ISO as high as your camera will let you while still maintaining good image quality. The reason I suggest this is because you want your camera to stop down the aperture as much as possible in order to have a lot of depth of field. This gives the rider the most space to perform while still being in focus. If you can shoot at a lower ISO and a wider aperture and still nail your focus then go for it, but I’ve found that the auto focus feature in a camera really struggles with fast action and water drops on the lens.

Because AF is often useless in this situation, I find it best to prefocus the closest distance the rider will be and shoot somewhere around f/5.6 – f/10 to create a nice large depth of field. I have found that my images still look pretty clean, even at ISO 1600-3200, since the light is pretty bright when shooting wakeboarding. Finally, set your camera to the fastest burst rate you can get. Once you get your timing down, you will not need to fire off 8 frames a second, but initially it does help.

Figure 2

The next question you want to address is where will you be located in relation to the boat and the rider. You really have two choices:

1. Between the boat and the rider
2. Behind both the rider and the boat

The first position will allow you to fill the frame with the rider facing you, while the second position lets you capture both the rider and the boat in photo. I’d recommend shooting from both positions if the wakeboarder is comfortable with crossing your tow line.

Just a note about safety here: placing yourself in harm’s way often produces some stunning images but don’t put more responsibility on yourself, the rider, or the boat captain than what you know everyone can handle. If the rider is clearing the wake and crashes, usually they will not hit the photographer. If they don’t clear the wake, there may be trouble.

Figure 3

Here are a few tips that might make your life easier that I have found while on the water: Make sure you are close enough to the wakeboarder that you can get dramatic shots with them filling the frame, but not too close that you aren’t also able to capture the horizon and scenery. Most wakeboarders don't like images of themselves in the air with no reference point.

  • Make sure you are close enough to the wakeboarder that you can get dramatic shots with them filling the frame, but not too close that you aren’t also able to capture the horizon and scenery. Most wakeboarders don't like images of themselves in the air with no reference point.
  • Don’t place yourself too far from the rider or else your images will start to look like they were taken from the boat, which defeats the whole point of shooting close on a tube.
  • Be prepared to have a lot of spray hitting your face and the camera. My approach to keeping the lens clean is to use saliva (I know, gross, but it works!) on the lens which helps repel water. Rain-X and other chemicals will actually create beads of water that will ruin your shots. It also helps to keep little Silica Packages in your housing to prevent moisture build up and fogging.
  • You really need to hit the water at the right time of day. Usually the best sunlight is going to be from the side when everything has nice warm tones. I’ve found the best time of day to shoot is the first 3 hours of morning and the last 3 hours before sunset. Anytime outside of that is going to be too bright and too contrasty. Plus the water is usually full of chop around mid day which isn’t good for the riders. If you want to shoot in lower light, you'll have to use flash, which can be very difficult because you need an assistant with you on another tube and you have to deal with syncing around water.

Bringing the Outdoors, Indoors

Shooting wakeboarders behind a boat is a lot of fun, and most of the images you will see in magazines are taken as previously described. However, I wanted to do something that was really different and decided to bring a commercial element that I love to this sport.

My idea was to suspend the wakeboarders using climbing gear so that I could position them into traditional wakeboard poses while lighting them with studio lights. The final element that would bring these photos to life was intense water splashing against a high contrast background.

The setup for this shoot was pretty complex. The first thing with which I had to test and experiment was the suspension of the riders. I was able to use a simple climbing harness fitted backwards and a few climbing ropes to hoist each rider up off the ground. [figure 4]

Figure 4

Most of the harness was hidden under the riders’ swim trunks, which greatly minimized the amount of editing I had to do in post. I also had a second rope attached to the wakeboard itself to help keep the riders in balanced horizontal positions. Holding these poses requires a lot of strength and is actually more tiring than doing the jumps in real time behind a boat.

For lighting, I used two Photoflex® HalfDome® SoftBoxes behind the wakeboarders firing back towards the camera. These two lights allowed me to light the water and also the side of each rider. I also used a gridded strobe with a reflector behind and above the black backdrop to add even more back lighting and allow for some separation of the riders’ board and hair.

The main key light was a small beauty dish on a boom stand camera right and I used a large 7 foot Photoflex® OctoDome® almost on camera axis for just the slightest amount of fill. [figure 5]

Figure 5

Figure 6

Figure 7

The typical exposure for these shots was around f/11-f/14 @ 1/250th of a second and ISO 125. During Noah’s session, I started to drag the shutter around 1/60th of a second, since the video lamps, Photoflex® StarLite® heads, for the video crew were really strong. This allowed the water to blur just a little. It's an option, but I’m still not sure if I like it one way or the other. If you ever decide to do a shoot like this, that's something you can consider depending upon your own personal tastes.

The only other tricky element to this photoshoot was anticipating how the water would look when thrown at the rider. We used water hoses, small buckets, large buckets, mist, and different types of spray nozzles. Some of them had a more realistic look -- the kind you might see when wakeboarding -- and others were more dramatic. You really have to get your timing down to capture the water at its peak and be careful enough not to have your assistants throwing water directly into the rider’s face.

Figure 8

Figure 9

Figure 10

Final Results

Below are some of my favorite results from the studio shoot. I am very happy with these images, and I'm especially excited because I have never seen anything like this done before.

Figure 11

Figure 12

Figure 13

Figure 14

Figure 15

All in all, this photoshoot was a blast and everyone involved really came together to help produce a fun video and some fantastic final images. If you are a photographer living near water, I hope you can take some of these tips to produce your own images. If you are ever around the Charleston area, head over to Trophy Lakes where you can catch some of the best boarders in the Southeast riding the rails. You can also check out more of my work at PatrickHallPhotography.com.


Written and photographed by Patrick Hall

Wakeboarders (in the studio and on the water): Dale Slear and Noah Simon

Wakeboarders (on the water): Fabian Ashley, Mark Rugala, Hunter Drury, Davey Blair, and Steven Pearce

Videographers: Lee Morris, Anthony Spenser, Tripp Livingston, Mike Slear, David Keller, Bobby Altman, Mike Ledford, and Keith Bradshaw

Assisted by: Cameron Ballinger, Jordan Solomon, Max Schwarz, Mike Allen

Boat Captains: Matt Dubon, Hunter Wilson, Fabian Ashley

Boats provided by: Cole Gaither at Zero Energy Homes of SC, and Ross Atkins at GreenSpirit Hydrogardens

Warehouse Studio provided by: Dean Feltmann

Special Thanks: Trophy Lakes Watersports, CarolinaWatersports.com, 4Wake.com


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